Предприниматель | Информационно-аналитический журнал - Part 60

In the footwear market in Ukraine forces to “fight” with China

Manufacture of footwear in Ukraine, compared with 90-years declined slightly, while imports rose. In this huge volume of imports to Ukraine are imported by the “gray” schemes. Despite this, the shoemakers are convinced that the domestic footwear is far superior in quality Chinese, and so could easily make it to the competition.

About the one who actually makes shoes for world famous brands, as well as how much to invest in starting a shoe manufacturing, in an exclusive interview with the chairman of the League of shoe manufacturers, leather goods, furs and leather goods (“Ukrkozhobuvprom”) Alexander Borodynya .

– Tell me, what now remains of the industrial production of footwear in Ukraine?

– I believe that the Ukrainian footwear industry is not in bad condition. Over the last 15-20 years, Ukraine has been created a few dozen good shoe companies that have between a few dozen to several hundred jobs. Work and several hundred smaller companies. In all, according to statistics, shoe-making deals with some 1,500 business entities.

Most shoe companies created “a new place,” some – on the basis of the enterprises working in the Soviet era. All these companies have very high technical level and skilled management. Otherwise, in conditions of severe competition, they would not have survived. In recent years, this fate befell many. Remains the best.

– What is currently produced footwear in the country?

– Of course production of footwear in Ukraine in the early 90s, compared with those volumes, which are made now, have been much greater. If then we let the order of 180-190 million pairs of shoes, but now, in my estimation, about 3 times less – 50-60 million pairs.

Official statistics show about 20 million pairs. But such is the peculiarity of our statistics, it does not account for all production volumes. Incidentally, this is – the usual European practice. In Italy, for example, official statistics also do not take into account the entire production of footwear and shoemaking association has statistics.

– Why has decreased the volume of production?

– The main reason for the decline in output in the first stage in the 90s was the decrease in consumption of shoes – seriously people become poor. The second reason – the growth in imports. At the end of the 90 volumes of their greatly increased and exceeded 100 million pairs a year.

– Why increased imports? Were lowered import rates?

– Just do not. Import tariff rates in the 90s were quite high – 20% of customs value plus VAT. The problem was that the shoes were imported at a low customs value. For example, in 2002 in Ukraine have been imported over 100 million pairs of shoes at an average cost of 20 cents per pair. At the then exchange rate of hryvnia to the dollar – is 1 UAH. a pair of shoes.

Understatement of customs value for imports and now remains the main obstacle for the development of Ukrainian-made shoes. The situation changed somewhat in recent years, but it is similar to what it was before.

– How many were imported shoes in 2010?

– During the first 9 months of 2010, imports of footwear in Ukraine amounted to about 98 million pairs. This is more than one and a half times more than in all of 2009, when it was delivered about 70 million pairs of shoes. In 2010 the evidence yet. But we can speak of at least 120-130 million pairs of imports. It is our great concern.

– This low imports of footwear in 2009 was associated with crises?

– In 2009, imports of footwear as compared to previous years, declined slightly, but I would not call it low. Reasons for the decline in imports was two. Of course, in Ukraine reduced income, loss of purchasing power on the footwear market was 20-30%. In addition, this contributed to the devaluation of the hryvnia to 60%.

But I emphasize that the crisis well worked out our shoe company, despite the fact that the cost of production of footwear increased significantly. The reasons are linking local producers to import equipment, materials, and wage growth.

As imports, which accounts for two thirds of the Ukrainian market, fell by 20-30%, the Ukrainian shoemakers in the crisis have kept production. This suggests that the shoe industry, which is focused on our, the Ukrainian market, the most resistant to the crisis in the global economy.

– What proportion of the structure of the Ukrainian market is the domestic production of shoes?

– Production of Ukrainian shoe is about 30% of the market.

That the market volume – 180-190 million pairs of shoes, which was in the 90s, now preserved. Ukrainians, especially our women, can save on food, but will buy nice clothes and shoes. And this is a good prospect for our industry and the country as a whole. 190 million pairs of shoes – it is not less than 150 thousand skilled jobs.

The market volume of shoes at wholesale prices of today, according to conservative estimates, at least $ 2 billion in retail it – more than $ 4 billion

– Current import duties for shoes still fell compared with those who were in the 90s?

– Import duty now stands at about 10% (incidentally, this fee does not cause complaints from the WTO), was previously – 20%. Of course, the shoemaker more comfortable to work when the high import duties, as may be more relaxed to compete in the market. But we do not go on this way, competition stimulates the development, but it must be good. We do not consider imports as such a negative phenomenon. None of the shoemakers are not raising the issue of closing the market.

To import duty has been deployed, you must correctly declare the customs value. Because it is the basis for calculating fees. Thus, by lowering the customs value of shoes can be avoiding the payment of import duties and, more importantly, 20% VAT. In this case, our businesses pay taxes and can not compete with imports. In developed countries it is called “unfair competition” and severely punishable by law. We do not have.

For example, in 2002 imported 100 million tons of shoes at 20 cents per pair. There is no such shoes, that would have cost 20 cents per pair, taking into account shipping costs, insurance, cargo, for example from China (except, perhaps, disposable slippers in expensive hotels). Thus, a real understatement of customs value was at least 20-30 times. At that time – this is the real facts – Italian leather boots that never cost the manufacturer less than $ 50 per pair, was declared when imported into Ukraine for $ 1.5 per pair.

Chairman of the League of shoe manufacturers, leather goods, furs and leather goods

Chairman of the League of shoe manufacturers, leather goods, furs and leather goods "Ukrkozhobuvprom" - Alexander Borodynya

– Why is there such a substantial understatement of customs value?

– Matches the interests of the importer and, obviously, the interests of customs officers, who turn a blind eye.

I then worked in the Ministry of Industrial Policy, and we are acutely raised these issues at different levels. When the situation is pumped, it made state agencies more or less control the importation of shoes. As soon began to collect customs duties from the customs value of approximately real (although the total cost – almost never) pay 10% import duty and 20% VAT. In this case, the imported products was close to the competitive environment, Ukrainian.

In this case, at the expense of very high quality Ukrainian shoes and ability to work in our market we can and can now compete.

– Ukrainian manufacturers of footwear imported raw materials (leather, furniture, shoe soles, heels and other accessories) for the production and there are only sewing?

– There are two areas of the shoe industry of Ukraine.

The first – is the production of “their” shoes, when the company itself buys the materials, she makes and sells its products itself (usually through middlemen – wholesalers and retailers). The second – working on tolling scheme, which takes a large share, as the first line. If in the manufacture of clothing tolling scheme takes the lion’s share of total garment production (80-90%), the shoes she has less than 10%.

Our company is 100% dependent on imports, both equipment and in many ways – from the import of materials. Equipment for the production of footwear in Ukraine in general is not performed, thus it is very expensive. For example, a machine for pribivki heel for women’s shoes costs 30-50 thousand euros. However, some of the materials in Ukraine is also successfully carried out: the soles, a certain range of leather for shoes, and some other components.

Ukrainian arch supports, for example, are usually the buyer does not see until they break down, largely determine the “wear” shoes, not inferior to world standards and are exported to many countries, in Italy the same.

– Where is mainly imported shoes in the Ukraine?

– In Ukraine, exporting footwear for more than 50 countries from all continents. Most of South East Asia – up 90% from China, but also from Vietnam and other countries in the region.

Moreover, imported from China from January-September 2010 about 82 million pairs, only 6% – of genuine leather. The rest is mostly – synthetics, which the buyer is often “vparivayut” like genuine leather. For example, sometimes the seller uses the term “pressing the skin.” So, this is – a literal translation of the term – synthetic leather.

There are about 70 thousand pairs of shoes made of genuine leather imported from Italy. Although judging by the offers of trade, this shoe is much more. For example, one well-known shoe brand that is positioned as a salesman of Italian shoes, virtually all footwear imports from China.

In the end, I say we are not against imports. Fair competition – this is an incentive to improve the quality of Ukrainian products. But honest.

– Do you think that Ukraine can compete in the footwear market in China?

– Absolutely. We produce and sell 50 million pairs of shoes!

Of course, we have difficulty competing with imports from South-East Asia in economic terms. There working day and working week lasts as long as necessary to the employer. One day a colleague who worked in China, said that he does not know when the workers off and leave. They work 12 hours and 30 days a month. Workers usually do not receive a pension. Accordingly, the production costs and taxes are minimal.

But the Ukrainian shoemakers compete quality and product range, quick reaction to changes in market demand.

– How different labor costs, such as China, Ukraine and Italy?

– The cost of the labor force in Italy in the cost of shoes – about 50%, in Ukraine – about 15-25%, depending on the type of footwear. For China to call specific numbers is difficult, but judging by the above – the rate of one working hour – several times lower.

– Which segments of the strong Ukrainian shoes?

– This high quality spring and autumn, winter men’s and women’s shoes made of genuine leather in the mainstream segment and a segment of the “average plus.” For summer and beach assortment us to compete with China is very difficult, especially in the price factor. In addition, completion of this range requires the widest range of materials, which makes China itself. But in this range of perspectives and have some results. This will largely depend on its ability to solve a problem if “gray imports”.

– From import to Ukraine materials and components for footwear?

– From different countries: Turkey, China, Italy and Poland. However, as soon as the Ukrainian market there are components or materials of Ukrainian origin, domestic shoemakers willingly waive import. But it should always be respected for the competitiveness of quality, range, price and delivery terms.

By the way, a number of tanneries in the last year formed an association “Ukrkozhprom”, and invited me to her head. One of the major tasks of this organization is just the production of high quality leather for shoes.

– That is, it makes no sense to initiate a rise in import duties on shoes?

– We have been abandoned by this. When duties were twice as high, the market situation was not better. But we will never give up control over the customs value of imported understatement shoes.

Today, the average customs value pairs of shoes imported to Ukraine is about $ 3. This, of course, is much higher than the then average price – 20 cents. If, for leather shoes is $ 10 per pair, then the synthetic shoes – about $ 2.7 per pair. This is – far from the customs value of real shoes.

– anyway it’s a low customs value?

– There is a simple arithmetic: the price of imported shoes in the store should be in 2, the maximum is 2.5 times higher than the customs value (including VAT). Q: We Ukrainians that annually buy in shops and markets 100 million pairs of shoes for 50-70 USD. a couple?

It is interesting to hear the information of customs authorities on improving their performance in this regard. But for the first 9 months of last year against 2009, the average customs value of imported leather and synthetic shoe dropped. This is alarming. In addition, in our view, there is a danger in declaring imports of footwear of leather and artificial leather deliberately declare.

We will seriously review these issues and did not leave alone. We are talking about economic security.

– It is difficult to distinguish from genuine and artificial leather?

– Externally distinguish synthetics from natural leather, without cutting the shoe can be difficult. But I would venture to give one piece of advice to buyers: if the visible edge of the shoe parts are bent so that the cut was not visible, it is very expensive or elite leather shoes, cheap shoes, or synthetic. The rule is triggered at 95%. However, now there is such a synthetic leather, in which the cut after a special treatment is difficult to distinguish from genuine leather.

– And what about today, for your data, the situation of trafficking in Ukraine shoes?

– I do not think that Ukraine get large amounts of contraband shoes. The fact is that even the 100 million pairs of footwear imports in 9 months plus domestic production is almost completely satisfy domestic demand in Ukraine.

That is a weighty niche for smuggling, I do not see. All the more reason to import “in black”, smuggling, with crime, with all the risks, if possible, or underestimated the value declared as artificial leather shoes, bring in legally?

If the customs value of one pair – $ 3, all other payments are about 90 cents. This – not so significant sums of money to pay their overhead was. But if the customs value – $ 30, then payments to the budget increased by 10 times.

– How does the situation in the light industry second-hand? Do you support his ban, initiated by the Office of Brodsky?

– Second-hand clothes – a huge problem for Ukraine in all respects. 7 years ago, working in the Ministry of Industrial Policy, analyzing the statistics of second-hand, I find that every year in Ukraine, then imported 3.4 products per capita in Ukraine. With revenue, not net income, and so-called “rise” of the business ranged from 1,000% to 5,000% of customs value. That’s why this business is so booming in Ukraine.

It is now imported second-hand in Ukraine in 2 times more. It affects the economy, though at a shoe industry is less than the production of clothing.

– Domestic vengeance designers trying to promote “ukraїnske” on the world market, to convince us that we can produce high-quality footwear, apparel and accessories. Do you believe in the success of this PR project?

– We are currently preparing an action. Will be registered trade mark, that is, the words “I love ukraїnske VZUTTYA” with a heart. Our association will provide an opportunity for all shoe companies that meet certain requirements to apply this sign next to their logo. This will be an additional indication for the consumer that the manufacturer of footwear has a good reputation in the market.

– What do you think will the shoemakers to put this inscription?

– Will. Best Ukrainian shoemakers now write “Zrobleno in Ukraїnі.” And the shoes are being exported to Europe, – “Made in Ukraine.” As consumer confidence to the Ukrainian perspective, our shoes.

As for the Ukrainian designers, then, in my view, among them many talents. But the talent in design, but not in the business.

– What is the role of Ukraine in the quality of products, including shoes, are State Standards?

– In our society there is a myth that the supposedly state standards can ensure the quality of consumer goods. It is – true.

Older people remember what a queue lined up for the Yugoslav shirts. And the quality of Italian, Spanish, Finnish or West shoes were legendary. I have studied this question. So, neither in Italy nor in Spain, nor in other European countries has never been, no, I assure you, there will be national standards in terms of quality footwear.

However, each firm knows what quality and knows how to implement it in their products, but this is her “know-how.” Each brand has positioned itself in the market with a certain level of quality. And it focuses on the buyer.

– So you have to offer guests cancel their shoes and do not control the quality of our products?

– Let’s look at the issue from the perspective of the buyer.

Existing standards have been in Soviet times. Strictest control of their observance – at all levels. Result: 99% of the shoe meets the standards for first grade, 1% – in the second. But the shoe and the first and second grades are overwhelmed with the counters, and the buyer is lining up for the import of footwear (and clothing, and furniture), produced not by state standards. Here’s to you and answer whether you need to control the “Soviet” or “Ukrainian” standards in production.

In the case of a defect caused by footwear manufacturer, then, for example, European legislation provides the consumer the right to protect their rights – to exchange, repair, etc. It works around the world. But even the concept of state or national standards of quality shoes there does not exist.

In the same Italy, for example, the manufacturer does not provide a fixed warranty period for the use of shoes – the law is not provided. If the defect is found in the shoes of the manufacturer (which existed in the product at the time of sale), it will change the product and after 2 years. The European manufacturer is responsible for its brand reputation in the market and so loyal to the complaints of consumers.

If you have purchased at least once some shoes and then they parted (which is unlikely, given the high level of quality adhesives used in footwear production), then you will no longer buy in the store or that brand. So cherish the Ukrainian shoemakers reputation among consumers and untwist their brands.

– whether to the Ukrainian enterprises shoes for world famous brands?

– There is. By tolling scheme. The shoes then come back here in Ukraine and is sold in boutiques in the capital. This suggests that the produced products in Ukraine – the European quality. The Europeans are willing to buy clothes and shoes, made in Ukraine.

– Is it profitable to produce shoes in Ukraine tolling scheme?

– Not really. We have the majority of enterprises davaltsev only work on this scheme and do not implement their own product under their own brands. This deprives them of their commercial flexibility in negotiations with European partners. Foreign customer knows that the Ukrainian company to 100% depending on the give and take orders, and dictate terms.

I am not an opponent of tolling schemes, they can not destroy. Tolling scheme retained the capacity, professional capacity, intelligence, and it gives people a piece of bread, let them callous, but it does. To make butter, you can not throw a piece of bread.

– How much “pull” today the launch of shoe production in Ukraine?

– We mean business – 50-150 employees. This, in my view, the optimal size for a shoe factory in Ukraine. If you buy the equipment for 100 new jobs will require at least 500 000 euros, a protracted car (one job) is worth 100 thousand euros or more. This – not counting the cost of buying or leasing a building, and working capital needs.

The modern shoe production – this is not a shoemaker and shoe-thread with an awl, it is – high technology, computer graphics and computer-aided design of footwear, hi-tech equipment and advanced materials, which produce the most developed countries and, of course, highly professional workers and specialists.

In the footwear industry in general is very difficult to calculate future profits, because the huge role played by skill manager.

To do this, Ukrainian shoemakers attend various exhibitions, studying global trends. He or heel shoe, which appeared on the show in Italy, after a year find a buyer in Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk and Lvov. So if you’re lucky there are not shoe manufacturer of their designers, it is just “flies in the tube.” It may invest as much as necessary, but if that does not manufacture the shoes, which like the Ukrainian girls, all it will remain in the warehouse.

– According to the regulatory authorities, consumers are now protected from the bad low-quality goods. In particular, by law, the businessman warned about test for 10 days, which allows him to get ready and hide possible flaws or simply to temporarily close the shop. How do you assess the level of state control in Ukraine for the quality and safety light industry?

– With regard to state supervision. Indeed, nowhere in the world there is no rule about the need to prevent trafficking of checks for 10 days. But for now, I believe such a rule in Ukraine should be. Because that state control, which today is carried out, it’s absolutely not necessary.

– Why?

– Because today by the state control of standards, rules and regulations. Compliance with standards do not test products anywhere in the world.

None of the light industry in the Ukrainian market does not meet Ukrainian standards. And does not match because it can not and should not respond to them in the interests of consumers. Consumers do not need to meet these articles with Ukrainian standards. The role of standards in a shoe – it is a myth.

Besides, the Ukrainian standards are required only for Ukrainian goods and for imports – is not required. This is – discrimination Ukrainian manufacturer.

I once asked a European expert on the WTO issue, contradict the requirements of the World Trade Organization that the Ukraine for Ukrainian goods establishes requirements that are not available to imported goods. He replied that he certainly does not contradict the main thing that you did not create the worst conditions for imported goods. And if you’re doing worse conditions for their products – on health, but this is tantamount to suicide. That is – our system of Ukrainian standardization and state supervision.

Also, I would say that no pair of very high quality and expensive Italian shoes does not match the Ukrainian standards and can not meet them, because it is made for the consumer and take into account its quality requirements that are impossible to describe in the national document.

– What are the documents certifying the quality, should require the seller to the consumer? What should I look?

– It makes no sense to require the seller to the documents confirming the quality and safety footwear. Nowhere in the world there are no such documents. The fact that safety shoes made health service. All materials used in the manufacture of our shoes are hygienic sansluzhby and stored in the enterprise. Accompany these documents shoes in the store – is a Ukrainian unnecessary invention.

By the way, which was introduced some 15 years in Ukraine, the mandatory certification of children’s shoes are absolutely useless in terms of respecting the child’s interests and detrimental to the Ukrainian manufacturer. It is therefore up to the introduction of this certification, we released six pairs of shoes per child per year, and now – a couple of the 20 children, and have lost 30 thousand jobs in the shoe industry.

– Whether there was an adoption in 2010 of any legislation that improve the situation in the footwear market for the consumer?

– The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in December last year adopted the Law “On State market surveillance and control of non-food products”, which should enter into force 6 months after publication, and noticeably improve the situation with state control of Ukraine.

In addition, the Ministry of Industrial Policy now prepared a draft technical regulation which specifies requirements for marking shoes. Revised project by the Ministry of economy – will not deny my participation – it is generally consistent with the legislation of the European Union. We evaluate it positively: the buyers will be able to get the available information, from which it is made shoes – in the form of simple icons that we sometimes see on the shoes.

Sergey Tigipko predicts mortgage renewal this spring

Tihipko Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Human Services. Policy of Ukraine at the press conference expressed his opinion on the resumption of the mortgage in the spring of 2011.

“This year will be a transition and difficult. First of all, for business because it is now gradually being re-building industry and mortgage lending resumes. In some areas the banks have given loans. For example, the purchase of automobiles. I think the mortgage will go after these industries , “- said Tihipko.

“Recovery of the mortgage will reduce in real estate prices, which can be expected in 2012” – says Tigipko.

“If we have the ability to stimulate the mortgage, and the first to help the banking sector, this demand to recover and return to the indicators that were in demand in 2007, after which we will soon see the decline in housing prices,” – said Tigipko.

The politician is convinced that the end of 2011, the Government will create all necessary conditions for the construction, which should in turn lead to increased demand in the market.

“Now, another problem pops up, you have to decide is not the builders – it’s a matter of demand” – it is necessary to restore long-term mortgage. This can contribute by introducing a policy of insurance of pension savings “- said Tigipko.

“Some countries, such as Kazakhstan, have been able to concentrate resources into a single mechanism, when the money from the second level part of the pension system were to support the mortgage, which were built with a lot of cheap social housing,” – said Tihipko.

Kolomoisky not get the “MAU”

Existing shareholders UIA intend to exercise their right to buy state-owned shares CHAO, leaving, therefore, likely to participate in the privatization structures Igor Kolomoisky, according to Economic News.

On Friday, three companies are co-owners of PJSC “Ukraine International Airlines’ (UIA), issued a message of intent to acquire state-owned shares of the airline in the amount of 61.58%. According to the information bulletin “Securities of Ukraine”, the company Capital Investment Project (now owned by 6% CHAO) will acquire 9.58% stake, UIA Beteiligungsgesellschaft mbH (which owns 22.52% stake) wants to buy 36.09% stake in the carrier, and UIA Holding GmbH (owned 9.9% stake) intends to buy 15.9% shares of UIA.

This message is the first official confirmation of what has previously only speculate: the privatization of UIA is implemented the script does not open, and domestic sales of state shares. Predictions of such a course of events has been based, for example, that minority shareholders have blocked earlier decision SPF amending the charter of the company, which would eliminate the rule of law a priority of existing shareholders to participate in privatization.

On the other hand, had reason to expect a decision on the public sale of the package, as it promised to bòlshie revenues for the state budget. Recall that in December last year, the desire to participate in the privatization of the said two companies that are not current shareholders of the UIA – Windrose and “Dniproavia” (the latter officially included in the alliance, “Ukrainian Aviation Group”, which unites aviaaktivy Igor Kolomoisky, the first, according to market participants , affiliated with it).

Windrose willing to pay 61.58% MAU 492.9 mln. “Dniproavia” – 516.841 mln. While in closed sales force airlines to shareholders will be invited to buy shares at a price which an independent valuer will assess the package – the SPF has already chosen for this purpose “Ukrainian expert group.” According to sources, “Interfax-Ukraine”, the appraiser determined the value of the package at 270 mln. And the draft contract of sale at that price has already been sent for approval to Mininfrastruktury.

So, now you can actually talk about the new owner of the UIA – in all likelihood, they will become ex-CEO and a former co-owner of “Aerosvit” Aron Mayberg. Back in early 2010 at the UIA had at least four shareholder – but the state company Capital Investment Project, owned by Mr. Mayberg called (bought back those shares at 6% of UIA, which previously got rid of the Aer Cap), as well as Austrian Austrian Airlines ( through UIA Beteiligungsgesellschaft mbH) and the EBRD. During the year the EBRD and Austrian Airlines had withdrawn from the shareholders and the ownership structure has acquired a valid species.

Experts believe the current situation surrounding the privatization of UIA quite controversial. On the one hand – a closed sale airline clearly meets the letter of the law, on the other – the cost of state-owned obviously undervalued. Independent analysts estimated it at about $ 250 million, deputy head of the special commission on privatization VR Oleksandr Bondar said that the chosen scenario is certainly sell “privatization in one hand” and not in the interests of the state.
“The state had the legal leverage poprepyatstvovat this by lifting the rate of privatization in a closed re-charter UIA, in accordance with new legislation. It made sense back when the company had a few shareholders, but now there is only one private shareholder, and intrigue as to who will get it, no, “- says Mr. Cooper.

In the State Property Fund explained that the principle of privatization on the principle of maximum revenue from the sale is not always correct. “You have to understand that the smaller price to pay for the new shareholder of state-owned stake, the more free money in his will for the company. Therefore correct to privatize a specific investobyazatelstv – then the company will have an opportunity for further growth, and the state will receive their proceeds in the form of income tax, “- explained one of the representatives of the government.

Apparently, in general liking of power are more likely to side of existing shareholders UIA, so privatization should go relatively smoothly. For example, previously vice-prime minister, but now more and Infrastructure Minister Borys Kolesnikov critical comments about the prospects of NATO expansion, “Ukrainian Aviation Group.”

“The Alliance, in effect, privatized 60% of passenger traffic in the Ukraine. We still have to ask the AMC, in general, how it happened and why, today, the ticket Kiev – Dnepropetrovsk – Kiev costs $ 500-600, “- said if Mr. Kolesnikov.

Head of Tax: Software developers will not pay VAT

C 2011 came into force on the Tax Code, in which the development, testing and delivery of software, data processing and other services to the scope of information subject to VAT will not.

This was announced by the head of the State Tax Service of Ukraine, Vitaliy Zakharchenko, at a press conference, “The Tax Code and its regulations.”

Recall, NC Ukraine adopted in 18 November 2010, December 2, 2011 signed by President Viktor Yanukovych with all the amendments made ​​by entrepreneurs.

IT market growth of notebook sales marked

One of the main trends of the past year to Ukrainian IT market is growing personal computer market by 10%, continued to increase growth in the notebook PC market share overall and a surge of sales in the corporate sector (mainly in the fourth quarter). This was announced at a press conference, Anatoly Baluk, head of the company “Diavest”, which was devoted to the results of 2010 in the IT industry.

Baluk also noted that in general the share of laptops has grown to nearly 73% in units, in the money rate has reached even greater heights.

Shopping “Diavest” said Baluk, a trend increase in the cost of laptops compared to conventional PCs. If the average laptop costs 6700 USD, it’s a PC with a monitor – 5000 UAH. The most popular brand notebook was Acer, increased sales of laptops under the brand name “Lenovo” and “Sony”.

News from the market, it is the most high-profile bankruptcy of several major players and new branded “Moyo” and “paved”.

Retail expansion slowed in 2010: study

In 2010, food operators (FMCG), operating on Ukrainian territory, again reduced the number of open stores, compared with 2009. Also increased the number of stores that were closed. This is according to research consultancy “GT Partners Ukraine”.

In 2010, food operators (FMCG), operating on the territory of Ukraine, opened about 245 new stores (excluding stores, who replaced the sign as a result of transactions for acquisitions). Compared with 2009 the number of open stores has decreased by 5.

The downward trend has been going on since 2007. So, in 2007, it opened 455 new stores in 2008 they became 430, and in 2009 – 250 (See Figure 1).

Figure 1. The dynamics of open FMCG stores in Ukraine, 2007-2010,

Figure 1. The dynamics of open FMCG stores in Ukraine, 2007-2010,

Figure 1. The dynamics of open FMCG stores in Ukraine, 2007-2010,

data “GT Partners Ukraine”

Important is the fact, the researchers note that in 2010 Ukraine was closed network retailers about 100 stores (excluding outlets are switched to other owners). For comparison, in 2009, was closed 89 stores.

What is characteristic of about 75 food retailers operating in our country today, in 2010, managed to increase the number of its stores 36 companies (in 2009 the figure was 32 ​​companies). Eight commercial operators had to reduce the number of its outlets.

In 2010, some networks have ceased to exist as a result of the purchase of these stores by other retailers (“Rovex”, “YUSI”).

As a year earlier, the undisputed leader in the number of open stores in 2010, was the company “ATB-Market” (Dnepropetrovsk) (see Table 1). Over the past year, the network 71 discounters enriched outlet.

Table 1. The top 10 food retailers in Ukraine by number of outlets, 2010

The top 10 food retailers in Ukraine by number of outlets, 2010

The top 10 food retailers in Ukraine by number of outlets, 2010

data “GT Partners Ukraine”

For many years the main rival network “ATB” in pursuit of a number of stores continues to be a company “Fozzy Group” (Kiev), developing a network of supermarkets “Silpo” convenience stores “Handicap” and hypermarkets “Fozzy”. For the full year 2010, this retailer has opened 38 new trading platforms.

Interestingly, the top ten FMCG retailers in Ukraine by number of stores remained unchanged compared with 2009.

Meanwhile, the company “Ukrainian Retail” (network of shops “Brusnitsya”) for the first time in its history came in the Top-5 ranking. Due to active expansion to the east of Ukraine, the retailer opened in 2010, 23 new outlets. Thus, the “Ukrainian Retail” ousted from fourth place western Ukrainian operator “Pakko Holding.”

The top ten rankings for the first time joined a network of “Periwinkle” (Lviv). Thanks to the purchase of company’s stores “Rovex” (Ternopil), it increased the number nearly doubled its sites in 2010.

Regional covering the undisputed leader in Ukraine among retailers is “Fozzy Group”, which stores operating in 23 regions of Ukraine and in Crimea. In the 21 regions there are supermarkets “Buffet table” (Kiev). In general, at the end of 2010, Ukraine had 12 national grocery retailer – “ATB-Market”, “Fozzy Group”, “Cocktail,” “Quiza Trade”, “Eurotech”, “EKO-market”, “Our Land” “Spar”, “Metro Cash & Carry”, “Land”, “Billa” and “Novus”.

Igor Ponomarev: Foreign cars will not get cheaper

Ponomarev: cheaper foreign cars are not

Igor Ponomarev, Chairman of the Board of Directors dealership GENSER – this is one of the largest companies trading in cars in Russia, as well as dedicated service. Sells such brands as Nissan, Ford, Infiniti, Cadillac, Saab, Chevrolet and other brands yet. Unfortunately in early 2010, Igor has died after a long battle with illness. This was his last public appearance.

Slipenchuk: I do not like the word “problem”

Slipenchuk: I do not like the word “problem”

Michael Slipenchuk, head of the company “Metropol” talks about the crisis of ’98, personal bankruptcy and the subsequent formation.

10 most interesting novelties of the Paris Motor Show

On Wednesday at the exposition center at Porte de Versailles started Paris Motor Show – one of the major events in the world of cars along similar exhibitions in Frankfurt and Detroit. Paris surpasses the competition at least historically: it was here in 1898 was the world’s first car show. Then, however, he was treated skeptically: opening the first showroom French President Felix Faure defiantly left the show in horse-drawn carriage.

But now at the Paris Salon in experimental development related to the special attention: a lot of space for exhibition stands “green” and other advanced avtotehnologiyam. At this time there even posted a test track for electric cars. Engineers, whose share fell out earlier presentations of electric vehicles, now crowding marketers, as several notable models with electric motors will soon go into mass market.

Many manufacturers are experimenting with hybrid engines, and cars with conventional engines surprises: for example, the exhibition presents them 3-door Range Rover Evoque powered by an unusually small size, but surprisingly efficient and environmentally friendly. In the range of Evoque enabled version with front-wheel drive.

In Paris, always a lot of world premieres. We talks about the most interesting of them.

Range Rover Evoque

Range Rover Evoque

Range Rover Evoque

Evoque the summer show at the private party on the outskirts of London, but the official public debut was held at the exhibition in Paris. It is surprising that the appearance of the final version differs little from two years ago demonstrated the concept of LRX: bold body lines, narrow headlights.

In addition to the avant-garde, by the standards with respect to the conservative brand, design, Evoque will be the most cost-effective, easy and environmentally friendly model in the line Range Rover. Inside the 3-door body styles – diesel turbo 2.2-liter volume capacity of either 190 or 150 horsepower. According to engineers, the emission of air pollutants in the last configuration does not exceed 145 g / km. There is a 2-liter version with a capacity of 240 liters. with. It may seem that the company has been a revolution: the engines of more word. The point, however, that the Range Rover Evoque, despite its name, is actually much closer to the smallest in the range of the car Freelander, than the flagship Range Rover. Actually, on a platform built Evoque Freelander.

The British followed the global trend to reduce fuel consumption and range included in the version with front-wheel drive. Sales Range Rover will start fresh in the summer of 2011, and by the winter market will Evoque with five-door body. Expected price in Europe – just over £ 30 000.

Citroen Lacoste С1

Citroen Lacoste С1

Citroen Lacoste С1

To create this concept Citroen has teamed up with fashion brand clothing Lacoste. The result of the creative union was an amazing car with no doors. There is no roof and – at least in the conventional sense. Natural habitat of this unique hybrid golf car and desert buggies seem to be areas with minimal rainfall, but the designers have left completely defenseless passengers: during the rain from the upper rungs of the vehicle leaves a special umbrella.

Citroen Lacoste went fairly compact. Vehicle length -3.5 m, width – 1,8 meters, and height – just over five feet. Inside the body is hidden comic three-cylinder engine. Other details of the Paris Motor Show visitors can learn only after the official presentation. Add that to the title although the concept of producers and added, “C1” diligently seek it hints at the look of the next line of the French small car’s still not worth it.

BMW X3 2011

BMW X3 2011

BMW X3 2011

The new X3 appears slightly corrected copy of its predecessor. Designers do not have to change anything radically new form of confining the light of headlamps and straightening the tail section. In the crossover length of 4.64 meters, width – 1.88 meters in height – 1.66 meters.

At first, the X3 will have two main options for “stuffing»: X3 xDrive20d and X3 xDrive35i. xDrive20d suggests four-cylinder diesel engine and the volume of two liters capacity of 182 liters. with. Thanks to the Stop-Start harmful emissions into the air at the level of 149 g / km. Fuel consumption – 5.6 liters per hundred.

xDrive35i less attentive to the environment and less economical. There petrol six-cylinder engine capacity of 306 liters. with. who will drive the crossover to “hundreds” of just 5.7 sec. Consumption of a bit more – 8.8 liters per 100 kilometers.

X3 will gather in the U.S., and the first European customers will be able to buy a car at the end of November. Price novelty has not yet announced, but it is expected that it will start at $ 60 000.

Bentley Continental GT

Bentley Continental GT

Bentley Continental GT

At first glance, the new generation of Continental GT is not too different from the previous version released in 2003. However, this feeling is deceptive: the design of body panels was redesigned, and they are made by unique technology, the flow of hot air. The headlights and side mirrors Continental borrowed from late-model Bentley Mulsanne.

Changed and the technical configuration: in addition to the 12-cylinder engine with 567 hp. with., which he acquired by inheritance from its predecessor, Continental will receive fresh and brand new four-liter engine V8, specially developed in conjunction with Bentley Audi. It is expected that the engine will reduce emissions by 40%.

The official price of the car has not yet announced, but will likely be updated Continental in the price range of its predecessor, that is in the range of € 120 000-130 000. The exact date of start of sales is still unknown.

Mini Scooter E

Mini Scooter E

Mini Scooter E

Under the brand name came to Paris Mini Scooter with unpretentious name Scooter E, where the letter «E» means “electric”: the unit should be charged from the outlet. Scooter will reach speeds of up to 100 km / h and have a reserve of almost a hundred kilometers. The driver is not required nor is rapidly leaving the key in the past, not even a stick: the scooter owner learns on his iPhone or any other smartphone.

While in nature, there are three variants of the concept. At the same time in the French capital will show only single and double Mini E. Another modification will present later in London.

By the way, his vision of “green” guests of the Paris Motor Show scooters and introduces Smart. The most interesting thing that Smart could think of nothing better than to call his scooter E-Scooter. However, if the mass launch of Mini Scooter E still remains in question, the E-Scooter by Smart are going to put into production in the near future.

E-Scooter and will depend entirely on your smartphone. The latter stuck to a special connector on the front and not limited to the role of ignition key, will display speed, battery charge and much more.

Porsche 911 Speedster

Porsche 911 Speedster

Porsche 911 Speedster

The German company has brought to Paris a modern reincarnation of the legendary one of its models, Speedster 356, issued in the mid-1950s. Porsche 911 Speedster, like its predecessor, has a two-door body with an open top. The car will be a “base color” – blue. Of course, there are other colors.

If the designers had a task to keep the charism of the last century, engineers have solved the opposite problem. During the performance characteristics meet new 3.8-liter engine to 408 hp. with. that will allow the car to accelerate to 100 km / h in 4.6 seconds. 911 Speedster is equipped with a seven-speed robotic gearbox and ceramic brakes.

Exclusive sports car will sell in Germany for around Christmas, and in England – just after New Year. Circulation Speedster is very limited: in memory of the original will be released only 356 copies. Price starts from € 200 000.

Hyundai ix20

Hyundai ix20

Hyundai ix20

Even the day before the opening of the exhibition of information is extremely scarce ix20: Hyundai circulated a few photographs, of which, however, it is clear that novelty is not very different from Kia Venga. At Hyundai, however, say that the appearance of a new MVP unique and entirely developed in a design studio in the German town of Rüsselsheim.

Technical details on the model Koreans have not yet reported. However, if ix20 will continue to follow the analogy with the Kia, kompaktven can be expected in two petrol variants – a 90-horsepower 1.4 liter and 1.6-liter capacity of 125 liters. with, as well as a 1.4 liter diesel.

Ix20 will appear in the markets of the Old World in November. Price will be approximately € 15 from € 25 000 to 000.

Ferrari 599 SA Aperta

Ferrari 599 SA Aperta

Ferrari 599 SA Aperta

For many people, Paris Motor Show will be the first and last opportunity to see live Aperta. The fact that all 80 copies of the 599 GTO convertibles were sold during the presentation of a closed long before the official debut in Paris. Exclusive edition was completed by the 80th anniversary of the famous studio Pininfarina.

Six-liter V12 engine capacity of 670 liters. to be car accelerates to 100 km in about 3.5 seconds – more on this will be discussed at the presentation.

Information about the cost of no particular importance, since it is impossible to get Aperta, but the record at this point for serial Ferrari price tag is not a secret: the machine costs between € 400 000.

Mercedes-Benz CLS 2011

Mercedes-Benz CLS 2011

Mercedes-Benz CLS 2011

In appearance much like the updated CLS concept wagon Shooting Break, Mercedes brought to the exhibition in Beijing. Compared to its predecessor, CLS became larger and sharper relief the body and at the same time refined. In place and has already become a traditional grille with a single edge. Lights – LED.

Initially will be available multiple configurations. These are two versions of diesel engines – four-and six-cylinder 250 CDI 350 CDI capacity of 205 and 265 horsepower respectively, and six-cylinder petrol CLS 350 Blue Efficiency in 306 liters. with. that is designed for models with four-wheel drive.

European markets with CLS is expected next January. In the least expensive configuration, it will cost roughly € 60 000. Version with 408-horsepower V8 will go on sale until April, and has not yet received a price tag.

Lotus Elite

Lotus Elite

Lotus Elite

At the Paris Motor Show, many were waiting for the revival of the cult sports car Lotus Esprit, but the British producer entered unexpectedly. In the French capital the company has brought new Evora and conceptual Elite. The British have released Elite in the middle of last century. Now Lotus hopes that popular in the last line will return their lost ground – the automaker makes a loss for several consecutive years.

Promise that the Elite will be equipped with five-liter V-shaped “eight”, borrowed from Lexus ISF, a capacity of about 600 horsepower. Accelerated up to “hundreds” of sports car weighing just over one and a half tons will be in 3.5 seconds and its top speed will be 315 kilometers per hour. There is a little quieter version – hybrid car with two electric motors.

In the salons of Elite will not before 2014, but Lotus has already described the approximate cost – £ 140 000.

12 best collections of sweaters

Recently, prominent climate scientists are increasingly there is talk, which essentially boils down to that in the European part of Russia in the near future will clearly stand out only two seasons – hot and cold. Argued that the transition between them will be virtually unnoticeable, and yesterday’s heat and the sun was already the next day turn into clouds and sleet.

This year seems to have happened that way. Warm Mushroom and Indian summer, lasted almost until the middle of October, at one point was replaced by dank autumn. Especially for those who were not ready for it,offers several brands of clothes, in which collections can be found the best sweater this season.

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